It is one of the most dangerous types of cancer after lung cancer.
It is mostly seen in the Far East, Japan region. It is better differentiated. (more similar to the cell type it originates from, it has a more benign character) Distal (stomach outlet part) often involves the stomach.
It is mostly seen in Europe and America. It is poorly differentiated (less similar to the cell it originates from), and has a horny (malignant) character. It mostly holds the stomach entrance. (Proximal stomach)
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is diagnostic.
The patient should be evaluated for the spread of the disease before surgery.
If the tumor is in the serosa and regional lymph nodes, it decreases dramatically. However, in the right hands, survival is improved if it has been appropriately surgically performed and received the necessary chemotherapy. It should be noted that human life should not be described in percentages. There is hope for every patient. All available weapons should be used for each patient.
Recurrence rates after gastric resection range from 40-80%.
I suggest you reread the preventable risk factors. In addition, it would be very appropriate for people with genetic risk factors to have an annual endoscopy 5 years before the age of the youngest gastric cancer case in the family. Apart from this, it would be appropriate for people with symptoms of stomach cancer to apply to a general surgeon or gastroenterologist for endoscopy.
Gastric cancer surgery, also known as gastrectomy, carries certain risks and potential complications, as with any major surgical procedure. The specific risks can vary depending on the type of surgery performed, the stage of the cancer, the overall health of the patient, and individual circumstances. It's important to discuss these risks with your healthcare team before undergoing gastric cancer surgery. Here are some potential risks and complications associated with gastric cancer surgery:
1. Infection: Infections can occur at the site of the surgical incision or in the abdomen. Antibiotics are typically administered before, during, and after surgery to help prevent infections, but they can still occur.
2. Bleeding: Surgery involves cutting and manipulating tissues, which can lead to bleeding. Excessive bleeding may require blood transfusion or additional surgical interventions to control it.
3. Leakage from surgical connections: After the removal of a portion of the stomach, the remaining portions are reconstructed or connected to the esophagus or small intestine. There is a risk of leakage (anastomotic leak) at these connections, which may require additional treatment, such as drainage, stenting, or reoperation.
4. Digestive problems: Following gastric cancer surgery, individuals may experience changes in digestion and absorption of nutrients. This can result in symptoms such as diarrhea, malabsorption, and nutritional deficiencies. Dietary modifications and nutritional supplementation may be necessary.
5. Dumping syndrome: Dumping syndrome is a condition that can occur after gastric surgery, characterized by rapid emptying of stomach contents into the small intestine. It can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and lightheadedness after meals.
6. Stricture formation: Scar tissue can develop at the surgical connections, leading to narrowing (strictures) of the gastrointestinal tract. This can cause difficulty swallowing, food getting stuck, or problems with the passage of food through the digestive system.
7. Blood clots: Surgery increases the risk of blood clots forming in the legs (deep vein thrombosis) or traveling to the lungs (pulmonary embolism). Measures are taken to minimize these risks, such as blood-thinning medications, compression stockings, and early mobilization.
8. Respiratory complications: After surgery, individuals may be at risk of respiratory complications, such as pneumonia or lung collapse (atelectasis). Breathing exercises and early mobilization are important in reducing these risks.
9. Adverse reactions to anesthesia: The use of anesthesia during surgery carries its own set of risks, including reactions to medications, breathing difficulties, or adverse effects on the heart or lungs. Anesthesiologists closely monitor patients during surgery to minimize these risks.
10. Long-term effects: Gastric cancer surgery may have long-term effects on digestion, eating habits, and quality of life. Some individuals may experience changes in body weight, appetite, and dietary restrictions.
It's important to note that these risks are general considerations, and the actual risks may vary depending on individual factors. The surgical team will thoroughly assess each patient's case and take necessary precautions to minimize risks. The benefits of surgery, including the potential for tumor removal and improved quality of life, are weighed against the risks before making a treatment decision.
Gastric cancer surgery, also known as gastrectomy, offers several potential benefits for individuals diagnosed with gastric cancer. The specific benefits can vary depending on factors such as the stage of the cancer, the location and size of the tumor, the overall health of the patient, and individual circumstances. Here are some potential benefits of gastric cancer surgery:
1. Tumor removal: The primary goal of gastric cancer surgery is to remove the cancerous tumor from the stomach. Surgery can provide a curative treatment option for localized tumors that have not spread beyond the stomach or nearby lymph nodes. Complete tumor removal increases the chances of long-term survival and potential cure.
2. Improved survival rates: Surgery, particularly when combined with other treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, can improve long-term survival rates for individuals with gastric cancer. The extent of the cancer, stage, and other factors influence the overall prognosis. Surgery can play a crucial role in removing the tumor and reducing the risk of cancer recurrence.
3. Symptom relief: Gastric cancer can cause various symptoms, including abdominal pain, difficulty swallowing, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and early satiety. Surgery aims to alleviate these symptoms by removing the tumor, reducing obstruction, and improving the overall functioning of the stomach.
4. Prevention of complications: Gastric cancer can lead to complications such as bleeding, obstruction, or perforation of the stomach. Surgery can help prevent or manage these complications by removing the tumor and restoring normal stomach function.
5. Quality of life improvement: Gastric cancer surgery can enhance the quality of life for individuals by alleviating symptoms and allowing for improved dietary intake. By removing the tumor and reconstructing the digestive system, surgery can help restore or improve the ability to eat and digest food, leading to better nutrition and overall well-being.
6. Individualized treatment approach: Gastric cancer surgery allows for a personalized treatment plan tailored to each individual's specific situation. The surgical approach can be customized based on the location and extent of the tumor, the overall health of the patient, and other factors, ensuring the best possible outcome for the individual.
7. Adjuvant therapy effectiveness: In cases where chemotherapy or radiation therapy is administered after surgery (adjuvant therapy), surgical removal of the tumor can enhance the effectiveness of these treatments. By eliminating the bulk of the tumor, adjuvant therapy can better target any remaining cancer cells and potentially improve outcomes.
It's important to note that the benefits of surgery may vary depending on the stage of the cancer, individual health factors, and the expertise of the surgical team. The healthcare team will assess each patient's case thoroughly and weigh the potential benefits against the risks before recommending surgery as part of the treatment plan. Additionally, post-surgery follow-up care, including surveillance and potential adjuvant treatments, is crucial for long-term management and monitoring of the disease.
After gastric cancer surgery, follow-up care, adopting a healthy lifestyle, and making appropriate dietary adjustments are essential for optimal recovery and long-term management. Here are some recommendations:
1. Follow-up care:
2. Lifestyle modifications:
3. Feeding and nutrition:
4. Long-term monitoring:
It's crucial to work closely with your healthcare team, including surgeons, oncologists, dietitians, and other specialists, to develop an individualized plan for follow-up care, lifestyle modifications, and dietary adjustments after gastric cancer surgery. They will provide personalized recommendations based on your specific needs and circumstances.